Michael Fordham QC practises in the field of judicial review and human rights. He represents claimants, defendants and interested parties and acts across the entire range of public law. 

He is author of a leading practitioner textbook, consultant editor of a practitioner journal and a College Lecturer at Oxford University. As a junior barrister Mike was a member of the Attorney General’s 'A' Panel and was recognised as “the undisputed star of the junior judicial review Bar” when, aged 32, being ranked in the Top 40 barristers under 40 in all fields (Legal Business). He has been Lawyer of the Week (The Times) and has argued more than forty cases in the Supreme Court (previously the House of Lords). 

Mike has written legal opinions relied on by: the Constitutional Affairs Committee (legal aid reform; asylum and judicial review); the Work and Pensions Committee (health and safety enforcement policy); and the All-Party Working Group on Rendition (extraordinary rendition). An article Mike wrote in 2003 led to the Law Commission’s 2006-2009 working and consultation papers on monetary remedies against public authorities. 

In 2016 he was one of three subject matter experts from Europe on immigration detention who appeared before the Human Rights Committee of the Council of Europe. As Fellow of the Bingham Centre for the Rule of Law Mike was lead author on Bingham Centre reports on immigration detention (2013) and judicial review reform (2014). He is a Recorder sitting in the Crown Court, a Deputy Judge of the Upper Tribunal, and a Deputy High Court Judge.

Mike is recognised by both of the leading independent legal directories. In December 2013 he was ranked as one of Chambers UK's Top Silk Bar 100, in their inaugural listing of the top barristers practising at the Bar of England & Wales, with a "breathtaking" quality of written work and advocacy skills. Mike is featured in Chambers UK 2016 as a leading silk in five categories and has 'star’ rankings in three of these.

Experience

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Public & Regulatory

Mike is a public law specialist acting for claimants, public authority defendants and third party interveners across the entire range of public law work; including work for and against regulatory authorities.

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Civil Liberties & Human Rights

Mike regularly appears in leading human rights cases. He was Human Rights Lawyer of the Year in 2005.

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Immigration

Mike has a fearless reputation for cutting-edge arguments in leading asylum and immigration cases. He has for years been Lead Counsel for UNHCR interventions in the UK Supreme Court. He was Lead Author of the Bingham Centre for the Rule of Law’s 2013 book on Immigration Detention: Safeguarding Principles.

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Environment

Mike is a specialist in environmental judicial review.

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Local Government

Mike has a vast experience in bringing and defending judicial review cases involving local government decision-making and policy-making.

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Police

Mike has appeared in several leading cases concerning police powers and human rights.

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EU & Competition

Mike has appeared in leading EU law cases at all levels. He also has considerable experience in competition law and is regularly instructed in competition law cases.

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Commercial

Mike began life at the Bar as a commercial barrister and now specialises in commercial public law cases.

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Achievements

Education

BA (Oxon) First Class 1986; BCL (Oxon) 1987; LLM (Virginia) 1988, 

Scholarships

  • Karmel Scholar, Gray's Inn
  • Mould Scholar, Gray's Inn
  • Prince of Wales Scholar, Gray's Inn 

Publications

  • Author, Judicial Review Handbook (6th edition 2012)
  • Consultant Editor, Judicial Review (quarterly journal) (Editor 1996-2015)
  • Lead Author, Immigration Detention and the Rule of Law (2013) (Bingham Centre report)
  • Lead Author, Streamlining Judicial Review (2014) (Bingham Centre report)
  • Author/co-author of chapters in Administrative Law in Facing the Future and in Understanding Human Rights Principles

Additionally, Mike has written more than 50 published articles in legal journals. His Judicial Review Handbook has been cited with approval at all levels of the Courts including in the House of Lords/Privy Council: Boddington [1999] 2 AC 143, 170E; Burkett [2002] UKHL 23 at [38]; ProLife [2003] UKHL 23 at [138]; Cullen [2003] UKHL 39 at [5]; Tweed [2006] UKHL 53 at [36]; Sharma [2006] UKPC 57 at [14]; Bahamas Hotel Maintenance [2011] UKPC 4 at [23]. 

Appointments

  • Deputy High Court Judge (Administrative Court) (2013)
  • Recorder (Criminal) (2012)
  • Deputy Judge, Upper Tribunal (Administrative Appeals Chamber) (2012)
  • Visiting Fellow, Bingham Centre for the Rule of Law (2011)
  • Recorder (Civil) (2010)
  • Bencher, Gray’s Inn (2009)
  • College Lecturer, Hertford College Oxford (1989 to date)

Awards

  • Human Rights & Public Law QC of the Year (2008)
  • Bar Pro Bono Award (2006)
  • Public Law Junior of the Year (2005)
  • Human Rights Lawyer of the Year (2005) (Liberty/JUSTICE)
Mike won the Human Rights Lawyer of the Year in 2005 For outstanding dedication and pro bono commitment to the development of human rights in a range of areas. For an incredibly high standard of legal skill in opposing unjust ASBOs, defending the rights of protesters and, in particular, for highlighting UK accountability for torture and deaths in detention in Iraq. In 2006, Mike was 3rd (behind two commercial QCs) in Barrister of the Year. 

Pro Bono Work

Mike acts pro bono in numerous interventions and in his work for the Bingham Centre for the Rule of Law. In 2006 he won the Sydney Elland Goldsmith Bar Pro Bono Award. He was nominated for that award by the UNHCR, Friends of the Earth, the Refugee Legal Centre, the Public Law Project and Baker & McKenzie LLP, for his outstanding contribution to pro bono work. 

Chairman of the Bar Stephen Hockman QC said: Michael Fordham has a long-standing commitment to pro bono work and dedicates a very high proportion of his time to it. He brings the same care and commitment as to his other work, and his friendly and informal manner helps to set at ease those involved in a particular case. Michael’s contribution to the development of law and legal policy is undoubted, and he is a deserving recipient of this award

Teaching & Speaking

Mike has been a Lecturer at Hertford College, Oxford since 1989. He frequently speaks at conferences on public law and human rights including Hart Judicial Review Conference, Administrative Law Bar Association, Bar European Group, Bar Human Rights Group, Cambridge Centre for Public Law, the Immigration Law Practitioners Association, JUSTICE, Legal Action Group and Public Law Project. Mike has undertaken training for organisations ranging from the UNHCR in Brussels to the Judiciary of Trinidad and Tobago in Port of Spain

Cases in the Supreme Court

  • O [2016] UKSC 19 [2016] 1 WLR 1717
  • Keyu [2015] UKSC 69 [2015] 3 WLR 1665
  • Hemming [2015] UKSC 25 [2015] AC 1600
  • Recovery of Medical Costs Bill [2015] UKSC 3 [2015] AC 1016
  • EM (Eritrea) [2014] UKSC 12 [2014] AC 1321
  • Al-Sirri [2012] UKSC 54 [2013] 1 AC 745
  • RT (Zimbabwe) [2012] UKSC 38 [2013] 1 AC 152
  • W (Algeria) [2012] UKSC 8 [2012] 2 AC 115
  • Cart [2011] UKSC 28 [2012] 1 AC 663
  • Eba [2011] UKSC 29 [2012] 1 AC 710
  • Kambadzi [2011] UKSC 23 [2011] 1 WLR 1299
  • GC [2011] UKSC 21 [2011] 1 WLR 1230
  • Lumba [2011] UKSC 12 [2012] 1 AC 245
  • ZO (Somalia) [2010] UKSC 36 [2010] 1 WLR 1948
  • HJ (Iran) [2010] UKSC 31 [2011] 1 AC 596
  • Ahmed [2010] UKSC 2 [2010] 2 AC 534
  • Mahad [2009] UKSC 16 [2010] 1 WLR 48
  • AF (No.3) [2009] UKHL 28 [2010] 2 AC 269
  • McE [2009] UKHL 15 [2009] 1 AC 908
  • Kay [2008] UKHL 69 [2008] 1 WLR 2723
  • C (Zimbabwe) [2008] UKHL 40 [2008] 1 WLR 1420
  • Asfaw [2008] UKHL 31 [2008] 1 AC 1061
  • Gentle [2008] UKHL 20 [2008] 1 AC 1356
  • Animal Defenders International [2008] UKHL 15 [2008] 1 AC 1312
  • Al-Jedda [2007] UKHL 58 [2008] 1 AC 332
  • JJ [2007] UKHL 45 [2008] 1 AC 385
  • MB [2007] UKHL 46 [2008] 1 AC 440
  • YL [2007] UKHL 27 [2008] 1 AC 95
  • Al-Skeini [2007] UKHL 26 [2008] 1 AC 153
  • Laporte [2006] UKHL 55 [2007] 2 AC 105
  • Fornah [2006] UKHL 46 [2007] 1 AC 412
  • Roberts [2005] UKHL 45 [2005] 2 AC 738
  • European Roma Rights Centre [2004] UKHL 55 [2005] 2 AC 1
  • Razgar [2004] UKHL 27 [2004] 2 AC 368
  • Sivakumar [2003] UKHL 14 [2003] 1 WLR 840
  • Saadi [2002] UKHL 41 [2002] 1 WLR 3131
  • Evans (No.2) [2001] 2 AC 19
  • Walker [2000] 1 WLR 806
  • Shah & Islam [1999] 2 AC 629
  • Pinochet (No.3) [2000] 1 AC 147
  • Pinochet (No.1) [2000] 1 AC 61
  • Stafford [1999] 2 AC 38

Selected earlier reported cases

Public & Regulatory

  • Kuteh v Secretary of State [2014] EWCA Civ 1586 (limits of Upper Tribunal powers)
  • R (Rudewicz) v Secretary of State [2012] EWCA Civ 499 [2013] QB 410 (exhumation licence) 
  • R (Cart) v Upper Tribunal [2011] UKSC 28 [2012] 1 AC 663 (judicial review of Upper Tribunal)
  • R (March) v Secretary of State [2010] EWHC 765 (Admin) (NHS HIV compensation)
  • R (Cordant Group Plc) v Secretary of State [2010] EWHC 3442 (Admin) (national minimum wage)
  • R (Al-Rawi) v Security Service [2010] EWCA Civ 482 [2010] 4 All ER 559 (closed procedure)
  • R (Evans) v Secretary of State [2010] EWHC 1445 (Admin) (transfer of detainees in Afghanistan)
  • R (Al-Haq) v Secretary of State [2009] EWHC 1910 (Admin) (judicial review and foreign policy)
  • R (Al Sweady) v Secretary of State [2009] EWHC 1687 (Admin) (disclosure in judicial review)
  • R (Hasan) v Secretary of State [2008] EWCA Civ 1312 [2009] 3 All ER 539 (arms exports)
  • R (Brooke) v Parole Board [2008] EWCA Civ 29 [2008] 1 WLR 1950 (parole board independence)
  • R (Faithfull) v Ipswich Crown Court [2007] EWHC 2763 [2008] 1 WLR 1636 (JR of crown court)
  • R (Roberts) v Parole Board [2005] UKHL 45 [2005] 2 AC 738 (parole board closed procedure)
  • R (G) v IAT [2004] EWCA Civ 1731 [2005] 1 WLR 1445 (JR and statutory review)
  • R (Corner House Research) v Secretary of State [2005] EWCA Civ 192 [2005] 1 WLR 2600 (PCOs)
  • R (ABCIFER) v SSD [2003] EWCA Civ 473 [2003] QB 1397 (compensation scheme)
  • R (CND) v Prime Minister [2002] EWHC 2777 (Admin) (Iraq war)
  • R v HMP Brockhill Governor, ex p Evans (No.2) [2001] 2 AC 19 (false imprisonment damages)
  • R v Ministry of Defence, ex p Walker [2000] 1 WLR 806 (UN peacekeeper compensation)
  • R v Bow Street Magistrate, ex p Pinochet [2000] 1 AC 61  & 147 (extradition of former Head of State)
  • R v Home Secretary, ex p Stafford [1999] 2 AC 38 (release of discretionary lifers)

Civil Liberties & Human Rights

  • R (Mousa) (No.2) v Secretary of State [2013] EWHC 1412 (Admin) (ECHR investigative obligations)
  • R (Infinis Plc) v Ofgem [2013] EWCA Civ 70 [2013] JPL 1037 (property rights just satisfaction)
  • Ahmed v HM Treasury [2010] UKSC 2 [2010] 2 AC 534 (anti-terrorism asset-freezing)
  • BX v Secretary of State [2010] EWCA Civ 481 [2010] 1 WLR 2463 (control order injunctions)
  • AF v Secretary of State (No.3) [2009] UKHL 28 [2010] 2 AC 269 (control order disclosure)
  • R (Gentle) v Prime Minister [2008] UKHL 20 [2008] 1 AC 1356 (Art 2 and Iraq war)
  • R (Animal Defenders) v Secretary of State [2008] UKHL 15 [2008] 1 AC 1312 (political advertising)
  • C (Zimbabwe) v SSHD [2008] UKHL 40 [2008] 1 WLR 1420 (Article 8 and family unity)
  • R (Brown) v Secretary of State [2008] EWHC 3158 (Admin) [2009] PTSR 1506 (disability equality)
  • Saadi v UK (2008) 47 EHRR 17 (Art 5 and fast-track detention)
  • R (Al-Jedda) v Secretary of State [2007] UKHL 58 [2008] 1 AC 332 (internment in Iraq)
  • Secretary of State v JJ [2007] UKHL 45 [2008] 1 AC 385 (control orders and Art 5)
  • Secretary of State v MB [2007] UKHL 46 [2008] 1 AC 440 (control orders and Art 6)
  • R (Al-Skeini) v Secretary of State [2007] UKHL 26 [2008] 1 AC 153 (ECHR extra-territoriality)
  • R (B) v Stafford Combined Court [2006] EWHC 1645 (Admin) [2007] 1 WLR 1524 (disclosure) 
  • R (Razgar) v SSHD [2004] UKHL 27 [2004] 2 AC 368 (Art 8 proportionality)
  • R v Home Secretary, ex p Turgut [2001] 1 All ER 719 (Art 3 intensity of review)

Immigration

  • HF (Iraq) v SSHD [2013] EWCA Civ 1276 [2014] 1 WLR 1329 (Iraq country guidance)
  • R (AN (A Child) v Home Secretary [2012] EWCA Civ 1636 (rights of unaccompanied children)
  • Al-Sirri v Home Secretary [2012] UKSC 54 [2013] 1 AC 745 (Article 1F(c) refugee exclusion)
  • RT (Zimbabwe) v Home Secretary [2012] UKSC 38 [2013] 1 AC 152 (imputed political opinion)
  • W (Algeria) v Secretary of State [2012] UKSC 8 [2012] 2 AC 115 (SIAC protection of appellant source)
  • SS (Libya) v Secretary of State [2011] EWCA Civ 1547 (refugee exclusion proceedings)
  • R (MD (Angola) v Secretary of State [2011] EWCA Civ 1238 (healthcare in immigration detention)
  • Kambadzi v SSHD [2011] UKSC 23 [2011] 1 WLR 1299 (immigration detention reviews)
  • Lumba v SSHD [2011] UKSC 12 [2012] 1 AC 245 (secret immigration detention policy)
  • PR (Sri Lanka) v SSHD [2011] EWCA Civ 988 [2012] 1 WLR 73 (second appeals test)
  • R (ZO (Somalia)) v SSHD [2010] UKSC 36 [2010] 1 WLR 1948 (asylum-seekers’ right to work)
  • HJ (Iran) v SSHD [2010] UKSC 31 [2011] 1 AC 596 (sexual orientation-based asylum)
  • Pankina v SSHD [2010] EWCA Civ 719 [2011] QB 376 (immigration rules)
  • Mahad v ECO [2009] UKSC 16 [2010] 1 WLR 48 (third party maintenance)
  • R (XC) v SIAC [2009] EWHC 3052 (Admin) (SIAC bail disclosure)
  • R (HSMP Forum) v SSHD [2009] EWHC 711 (Admin) (highly skilled migrants scheme)
  • R v Asfaw [2008] UKHL 31 [2008] 1 AC 1061 (refugee non-penalisation)
  • K & Fornah v SSHD [2006] UKHL 46 [2007] 1 AC 412 (FGM and gender-based persecution)
  • R (Hicks) v SSHD [2006] EWCA Civ 400 [2006] INLR 203 (citizenship 
  • R (ERRC) v Immigration Officer [2004] UKHL 55 [2005] 2 AC 1 (Prague pre-clearance)
  • R (RLC) v SSHD [2004] EWCA Civ 1481 [2005] 1 WLR 2219 (fast-track process)
  • R (Sivakumar) v SSHD [2003] UKHL 14 [2003] 1 WLR 840 (asylum causation test)
  • R (Saadi) v SSHD [2002] UKHL 41 [2002] 1 WLR 3131 (fast-track asylum detention)
  • Shah & Islam v Home Secretary [1999] 2 AC 629 (gender-based asylum)

Environment

  • R (Berky) v Newport City Council [2012] EWCA Civ 378 [2012] 2 CMLR 44 (EIA)
  • R (Tate & Lyle Industries Ltd) v Secretary of State [2011] EWCA Civ 664 (renewables obligation)
  • R (Friends of the Earth) v Secretary of State [2009] EWCA Civ 810 [2010] Env LR 11 (fuel poverty)
  • R (Downs) v Secretary of State [2009] EWCA Civ 664 [2010] Env LR 7 (UK pesticides policy)
  • R (BugLife) v Thurrock Thames GDC [2009] EWCA Civ 29 (habitats protection)
  • R (Anti-Waste Ltd) v Environment Agency [2007] EWCA Civ 1377 [2008] 1 WLR 923 (waste landfills)
  • R (WLWA) v Mayor of London [2007] EWHC 757 (Admin) [2007] Env LR 27 (waste strategy)
  • R (Takeley PC) v Secretary of State [2005] EWHC 3312 (Admin) (Stansted blight scheme)
  • R (PPG 11 Ltd) v Dorset CC [2003] EWHC 1311 (Admin) [2004] Env LR 84 (EIA)
  • R (Isaac) v Secretary of State [2002] EWHC 1983 (Admin) [2003] Env LR 23 (flood defence)
  • R (Valpak) v Environment Agency [2002] EWHC 1510 (Admin) [2002] Env LR 864 (glass recycling)
  • R v Environment Agency, ex p Marchiori [2002] EWCA Civ 3 [2002] EuLR 225 (nuclear weapons)
  • R v Secretary of State, ex p Friends of the Earth [2001] EWCA Civ 1847 [2002] Env LR 24 (Sellafield)

Local Government

  • R (OneSearch) v York CC [2010] EWHC 590 (Admin) [2010] PTSR 1481 (property information)
  • R (Asda Stores) v South Tyneside BC [2010] EWHC 3285 (Admin) (planning delay)
  • R (TC Projects Ltd) v Newcastle Licensing Justices [2008] EWCA Civ 428 (casino licensing)
  • YL v Birmingham City Council [2007] UKHL 27 [2008] 1 AC 95 (human rights in care homes)
  • R (Keating) v Cardiff Local Health Board [2005] EWHC 559 (Admin) (welfare advice funding cuts)
  • R (Capenhurst) v Leicester City Council [2004] EWHC 2124 (Admin) (community centre closures)
  • R (Agnello) v Hounslow LBC [2003] EWHC 3112 (Admin) [2004] LGR 536 (vegetable market)

Police

  • R (GC and C) v MPC [2011] UKSC 21 [2011] 1 WLR 1230 (human rights and police DNA database)
  • Re McE [2009] UKHL 15 [2009] 1 AC 908 (surveillance of lawyers/clients in police stations)
  • Kay v MPC [2008] UKHL 69 [2008] 1 WLR 2723 (police ban of critical mass cycle ride)
  • R (Laporte) v Glouc Chief Constable [2006] UKHL 55 [2007] 2 AC 105 (policing Fairford demo)
  • R (Stanley) v MPC [2004] EWHC 2229 (Admin) [2005] HLR 8 (police ASBO publicity)

EU & Competition

  • R (Thames Water Utilities) v Ofwat [2012] EWCA Civ 218 [2012] PTSR 1147 (incumbent undertaker)
  • Telefonica O2 UK Ltd v Ofcom [2010] CAT 25 (frequency liberation)
  • R (Berky) v Newport CC [2012] EWCA Civ 378 [2012] 2 CMLR 44 (promptness and EU law)
  • R (ZO (Somalia)) v SSHD [2010] UKSC 36 [2010] 1 WLR 1948 (EU asylum right to work)
  • Wm Morrison Supermarkets v Competition Commission [2009] UNCAT 33 (interim relief in CAT)
  • QD (Iraq) v SSHD [2009] EWCA Civ 620 [2011] 1 WLR 689 (EU subsidiary protection)
  • T-Mobile UK Ltd v Ofcom [2008] EWCA Civ 1373 [2009] 1 WLR 1565 (scope of competition appeal)
  • Telefonica O2 v Secretary of State [2007] EWHC 3018 (Admin) (telecoms ECJ reference)
  • R (Horvath) v Secretary of State [2007] EWCA Civ 620 [2007] EuLR 770 (agriculture payments)
  • R (Mayer Parry) v Environment Agency [2004] 1 WLR 538 (EU waste recycling)
  • R (T-Mobile UK) v Competition Commission [2003] EWHC 1566 (Admin) [2003] EuLR 769 (pricing)
  • R (Pfizer Ltd) v Secretary of State [2002] EWCA Civ 1566 [2003] 1 CMLR 19 (NHS drug listing)

Commercial

  • R (Infinis Plc) v Ofgem [2013] EWCA Civ 70 [2013] JPL 1037 (property rights compensation)
  • R (BBA) v Financial Services Authority [2011] EWHC 999 (Admin) (PPI redress scheme)
  • R (London & SE Railway) v BTPA [2009] EWHC 1255 (Admin) (train policing costs)
  • R (Eisai Ltd) v NICE [2007] EWHC 1941 (Admin) (NHS listing of pharmaceuticals)
  • R (Leicester Gaming Club) v Gambling Commission [2007] EWHC 531 (Admin) (casino licensing)
  • R (Postwatch) v Postal Services Commission [2007] EWCA Civ 167 (bulk mail services)
  • R (Tesco Stores) v FHSAA (1999) 11 Admin LR 1007 (pharmacy licensing)


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