Monica’s practice spans public and regulatory law, civil liberties and human rights (including immigration), EU and competition law, commercial law, telecoms and employment law. She has appeared in a large number of leading cases in the Court of Appeal, House of Lords and the Supreme Court, as well as in the High Court, and other Courts and Tribunals. 

Monica is one of the UK’s most highly rated Queen’s Counsel and is co-Head of Chambers. Prior to taking silk, Monica was Junior Counsel to the Crown (A Panel).

She has been called to the Bar of Hong Kong, the Cayman Islands, Bermuda and the British Virgin Islands to enable her to represent clients in those jurisdictions.


Experience

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Public & Regulatory

Monica deals with a wide range of public law cases, including regulatory work and judicial review with a commercial aspect. She frequently advises and acts for regulators and other public authorities, as well as claimants in relation to regulatory proceedings and judicial review.

Prior to taking silk, Monica was Junior Counsel to the Crown (A Panel).

Key cases in her career include: 

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Civil Liberties & Human Rights

Civil liberties and human rights (including immigration) form a large part of Monica’s practice and she frequently acts in these areas both for claimants and public authorities. 

Highlight cases include:

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EU & Competition

EU law forms a significant part of Monica’s practice, particularly involving competition law. 

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Financial Services

Monica is an expert in the field of financial services regulation, having advised and acted for institutions and the regulators in regulatory proceedings and investigations and judicial review. 

Her work includes advising regulators, regulated bodies, banks and individuals across a broad spectrum of financial services matters, including collective investment schemes and tax avoidance, the failure of financial institutions, PPI, Libor, mis-selling of various financial products and redress schemes.

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Telecommunications

Telecoms are also a significant part of Monica’s practice and representations include:

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Employment

Monica  has advised and represented claimants and defendants in a wide range of employment cases, including sex, race, age and disability discrimination matters, cases concerning the Working Time Regulations and applications for injunctive relief in the High Court.

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Immigration

Monica is recognised as a leading expert on immigration matters by both the independent legal directories, having appeared in a number of the leading cases in this field. 

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Commercial

Monica’s practice also includes commercial cases, ranging from judicial reviews with a commercial or regulatory basis to commercial litigation raising issues of conflicts of laws.  

Recent notable cases include:

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Achievements

Publications

Contributor to:

  • Halsbury's Laws, Volume 8(2): Constitutional Law and Human Rights (1996)
  • European Employment Law in the UK (2001)
  • Butterworths Human Rights Law and Practice (1999, 2004 and 2009)

Lecturing:

Monica is a frequent participant in conferences on her practice areas.  She has provided human rights training under the auspices of the Council of Europe, including in the Russian Federation and Montenegro.

Selected earlier reported cases

Public & Regulatory

  • R (British Bankers Association) v FSA [2011] EWHC 999 (Admin); [2011] ACD 71
  • Northern Rock Applicants v (1) Andrew Caldwell and (2) HM Treasury [2011] UKUT 408 (TCC)
  • HJ (Iran) v Secretary of State for the Home Department; HT(Cameroon) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2010] 3 WLR 386 
  • ZH (Tanzania) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2011] 2 WLR 148
  • Ofcom v Gerry Morrissey and the Information Commissioner [2011] UKUT 116 (AAC)
  • David Southall v General Medical Council [2010] Med LR 252
  • Ahmed Mahad (Ethiopia) and Ors v Entry Clearance Officer [2010] 1 WLR 48
  • Baiai and Trzcinska v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2009] 1 AC 287
  • Beoku-Betts v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2009] 1 AC 115
  • Sugar v Information Commissioner [2009] 1 WLR 430
  • Ratcliffe v Secretary of State for Defence [2009] ICR 762
  • EM(Lebanon) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2008] 3 WLR 931
  • AL (Serbia) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2008] 1 WLR 1434
  • Chikwamba v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2008] 1 WLR 1420
  • Van Colle v Chief Constable of Hertfordshire Police [2008] 3 WLR 593
  • Huang v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2007] 2 AC 167
  • Brooke v Parole Board [2007] HRLR 46
  • Gray v Marlborough College [2006] ELR 516
  • Floe Telecommunications Limited v OFCOM [2006] 4 All ER 688
  • In the matter of T&N Limited and Others [2006] 1 WLR 2831
  • Tozlukaya v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2006] EWCA Civ 379; LTL 11/4/2006
  • Office of Fair Trading v The Officers Club [2005] EWHC 1080 (Ch); LTL 2/6/2005
  • Corner House v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry [2005] 1 WLR 2600
  • R (Interbrew SA) v Competition Commission and Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (Moses J) 23 May 2001; LTR 12/11/2001
  • JA Pye (Oxford) Ltd v Graham [2001] 2 WLR 1293
  • Wilson v First County Trust Ltd [2003] 3 WLR 568
  • R (L) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2003] 1 WLR 1230
  • National Provincial Building Society v United Kingdom (1998) 25 EHRR 127 
  • R v S.O.S. for Employment, ex p. EOC [1995] 1 AC 1

Civil Liberties & Human Rights

  • ZH (Tanzania) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2011] 2 WLR 148
  • O’Donoghue v United Kingdom (2011) 53 EHRR 1
  • HJ (Iran) v Secretary of State for the Home Department; HT(Cameroon) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2010] 3 WLR 386 
  • Ahmed Mahad (Ethiopia) and Ors v Entry Clearance Officer [2010] 1 WLR 48
  • Baiai and Trzcinska v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2009] 1 AC 287
  • Beoku-Betts v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2009] 1 AC 115
  • Ratcliffe v Secretary of State for Defence [2009] ICR 762
  • EM (Lebanon) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2008] 3 WLR 931
  • AL (Serbia) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2008] 1 WLR 1434
  • Chikwamba v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2008] 1 WLR 1420
  • Van Colle v Chief Constable of Hertfordshire Police [2008] 3 WLR 593
  • Huang v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2007] 2 AC 167
  • In the matter of T&N Limited and Others [2006] 1 WLR 2831
  • Tozlukaya v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2006] EWCA Civ 379; LTL 11/4/2006
  • R (Lin) v Secretary of State for Transport [2006] EWHC 2575 (Admin)
  • R (N) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2005] 2 AC 296
  • R (Bagdanavicius) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2005] 2 WLR 1359
  • Adali v Turkey (judgment of the European Court of Human Rights of 31 March 2005)
  • Ghaidan v Mendoza [2004] 3 WLR 113
  • R (Ullah) v Special Adjudicator; R(Do) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2004] 2 AC 323
  • Wilson v First County Trust Ltd [2003] 3 WLR 568
  • JA Pye (Oxford) Ltd v Graham [2001] 2 WLR 1293
  • Former King of Greece and Others v Greece (2001) 33 EHRR 21
  • R (Interbrew SA) v Competition Commission and Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (Moses J) 23 May 2001; LTR 12/11/2001

EU & Competition

  • Chemistree Homecare Ltd & Another v Teva Pharmaceuticals Ltd [2011] EWHC 1877 (Ch) 
  • Telefonica O2 UK Limited v Ofcom [2010] CAT 25
  • National Grid plc v Gas & Electricity Markets Authority [2009] CAT 14; [2010] UKCLR 386
  • Ofcom and T-Mobile (UK) Ltd v Floe Telecommunications Limited [2009] EWCA Civ 47; [2009] Eu. L.R. 709
  • I-Cable Webserve Ltd v The Telecommunications Authority, CACV329/2008, 11 June 2009
  • Software Cellular Network Ltd v T-Mobile (Robin Knowles QC, 17 July 2007) LTL 23/7/2007
  • Floe Telecommunications Limited v OFCOM [2006] 4 All ER 688
  • Baiai and Trzcinska v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2006] 3 All ER 608 and [2006] 4 All ER 555
  • OFT v The Officers Club [2005] EWHC 1080 (Ch); LTL 2/6/2005
  • R (Amicus) v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry [2004] IRLR 430
  • R (Interbrew SA) v Competition Commission and Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (Moses J) 23 May 2001; LTR 12/11/2001

Financial Services

  • R (British Bankers Association) v Financial Service Authority [2011] EWHC 999 (Admin);[2011] Bus LR 1531

Telecommunications

  • Telefonica O2 UK Limited v Ofcom [2010] CAT 25
  • Ofcom and T-Mobile (UK) Ltd v Floe Telecommunications Limited [2009] EWCA Civ 47; LTL10/2/2009; [2009] Eu. L.R. 709
  • I-Cable Webserve Ltd v The Telecommunications Authority, unreported, 11 June 2009
  • Software Cellular Network Ltd v T-Mobile (Robin Knowles QC, 17 July 2007) LTL 23/7/2007
  • Floe Telecommunications Limited v OFCOM [2006] 4 All ER 688

Employment

  • Ministry of Defence v Fletcher [2010] IRLR 25
  • R (Amicus) v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry [2004] IRLR 430
  • Obonio v Wandsworth Primary Care Trust
  • Bewley v Prison Service [2004] ICR 422
  • Sibbick v Prison Service
  • Chaudhary v Department of Health [2003] ICR 1510
  • Gerrard Ltd v Reed (judgment of 21 December 2001; Newlawonline no. 2011224302)
  • Hall v Woolston Hall Leisure Ltd [2001] ICR 99
  • Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police v A [2001] ICR 128
  • Waters v Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis [1997] IRLR 589
  • R v S.O.S. for Employment, ex p. EOC [1995] 1 AC 1
  • Bullock v Alice Ottley School [1993] ICR 138
  • Universal Thermosensors Ltd v Hibben [1992] 1 WLR 840

Other Information

Monica was a part-time tutor in law at UCL (English legal system and civil liberties) from 1984 to 1987.

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