Tom's practice focuses on public and regulatory, competition and EU, commercial and sports law. He has particular expertise in public and competition issues and litigation in regulated sectors such as aviation, energy, telecommunications and higher education. In recent years, he has been involved in some of the most high-value and leading cases in these areas, including:

  • In the energy sector, the RIIO 2 appeals (which challenged Ofgem's price control decisions regulating billions of pounds of revenues in the transmission and gas distribution sectors) and R (British Gas Trading Ltd) v GEMA [2019] EWHC 3048 (Admin) (a major judicial review of Ofgem's domestic energy price cap).
  • In the aviation sector, Bott & Co Solicitors v Ryanair DAC  [2022] UKSC 8 (a significant judgment defining in a modern context the scope of the solicitor's equitable lien), Civil Aviation Authority v Ryanair DAC [2022] EWCA Civ 76 (a leading case on the interpretation of Regulation (EU) 261/2004 and the relevance of post-Brexit CJEU jurisprudence to retained EU law), On The Beach Ltd v Ryanair DAC (a competition law challenge brought by an online travel agent) and four separate preliminary references to the CJEU on the interpretation of EU aviation legislation.
  • In the telecommunications sector, eircom (UK) Ltd v British Telecommunications plc (an ongoing competition law challenge in respect of BT's bid for a major public sector service contract), CityFibre Ltd v Ofcom (a forthcoming challenge to Ofcom's decision in relation to Openreach's SMP conditions), major judicial reviews in relation to spectrum auctions and annual licence fees and the first ever competition infringement statement of objections issued by Ofcom as a sectoral regulator (to Motorola and Sepura). 
  • In the higher education sector, R (Bloomsbury Institute Ltd) v Office for Students [2020] EWCA Civ 1074 (the first ever judicial review of the new higher education regulator, which challenged aspects of its regulatory framework).

Other recent highlights of Tom's practice include: advising a global bank on regulatory issues following the shutdown of the London Metal Exchange's nickel market; advising airlines in relation to EU and UK sanctions imposed following the war in Ukraine; advising major private hire vehicle operators on regulatory and employment issues; acting in a complicated judicial review of bus franchising in Greater Manchester; and acting in major judicial reviews for central government concerning the alleged corrupt diversion of international aid, the implementation of CJEU judgments (with associated Francovich issues), and badger culling.

Tom is recognized by both of the independent legal directories, Chambers & Partners and Legal 500, as a "rising star" or "up and coming". Feedback includes: "He is incredibly diligent and a real rising star, who can be trusted on matters well beyond his call"; "He is brilliant. He is just superb. His young looks belie his maturity"; "He is excellent at drafting and has an incredibly bright mind"; "extremely capable and approachable"; and "clearly a very gifted junior counsel".

Tom frequently acts as sole counsel, as part of a large team or as junior counsel to a leader. His cases often involve expert economic evidence and he has significant experience of dealing with technical issues, including in the areas of competition economics, econometric modelling and regression analysis.

Tom is a member of the Attorney General's C panel of counsel. He has also been called to the Irish Bar and is a member of the Law Library, and so is able to accept instructions to appear before EU Courts. 

Experience

Shortlist

Public & Regulatory

Tom has a general public law practice, appearing for both claimants and defendants in judicial review and other administrative proceedings. He is a member of the Attorney General's C panel of counsel. 

He has particular experience of regulatory issues in various sectors (including energy, telecommunications, aviation and higher education). 

In the energy context, he has advised or represented both regulators (including Ofgem and the Oil and Gas Authority) and businesses in relation to high-profile energy issues such as the RIIO 2 price controls, the domestic energy price cap, the offshore transmission regime, smart-metering, and fracking. 

In the higher education context, Tom has appeared for the Office for Students in the first challenges brought against its new regulatory regime under the Higher Education and Research Act 2017 in the High Court and Court of Appeal.

In the telecommunications context, Tom has advised or represented both Ofcom and businesses in relation to Article 101 and Article 102 infringement and stand-alone proceedings, consumer enforcement matters, spectrum award issues, consumer protection enforcement proceedings and annual licence fees. 

As part of his aviation practice, Tom has further represented airlines in regulatory enforcement proceedings brought by the Civil Aviation Authority, the Competition Markets Authority and in a judicial review of the Civil Aviation Authority.

Cases

Grid view
List view
Shortlist

EU & Competition

Tom has significant experience of competition and EU law. He has been involved in a wide range of cases raising such issues before the High Court, Competition Appeal Tribunal and the CJEU. 

As part of his aviation practice, Tom has been instructed in several preliminary references to the CJEU concerning aspects of EU aviation law, including flight delay compensation and the lawfulness of charging optional price supplements. 

He has been instructed in both stand-alone and follow-on damages proceedings in the High Court and in appeals against regulatory Chapter I infringement decisions before the Competition Appeal Tribunal. He is currently instructed in: proceedings under the Enterprise Act 2002 concerning alleged breach of undertakings given to the CMA following a merger investigation; two stand-alone High Court claims for breach of the Chapter II prohibition; a major judicial review raising significant state aid issues; and a regulatory competition infringement investigation which is likely to be appealed to the Competition Appeal Tribunal. He also frequently advises on state aid issues.

Tom further has experience in price control matters, appearing in both the RIIO ED1 and RIIO 2 energy price control appeals before the CMA. 

Recently, Tom has advised in relation to EU and UK sanctions imposed on Russia following the outbreak of war in Ukraine. 

Tom was called to the Bar of Ireland in 2020 and is a member of the Law Library (and so is able to accept instructions to appear before EU Courts).

Cases

Grid view
List view
Shortlist

Commercial

Tom has been involved in a wide range of commercial cases in the Commercial Court, Chancery Division and arbitration proceedings. He has experience in areas such as fraud, asset recovery, and injunctive relief. He is instructed both as sole counsel and as part of a wider team.

Tom appeared in the Supreme Court in Bott & Co Solicitors Ltd v Ryanair DAC [2022] UKSC 8, a case which defined the scope of the solicitor's equitable lien in a modern context. In 2021, he appeared in a three-week commercial trial in the Chancery Division (in a dispute concerning the extent of two consultants' shareholdings in a telecommunications company), which settled before completion. 

Tom further has experience of group and managed litigation, including the VW NOx emissions litigation, the mobile telephone voicemail interception litigation (the "phone-hacking" litigation), and the construction industry vetting information litigation. He is frequently instructed as sole counsel on commercial matters in the High Court. 

Cases

Grid view
List view
Shortlist

Energy

Tom has significant experience in the field of energy regulation. Since spending 5 months on secondment to Ofgem in 2015, Tom has been involved in many of the leading cases in the area. These include both the RIIO ED1 and (more recently) the RIIO 2 price controls, in which he successfully represented Ofgem, a major judicial review brought by British Gas against the domestic energy price cap, and a judicial review of the Oil and Gas Authority relating to the decommissioning of fracking assets.

Tom frequently advises both Ofgem and regulated companies on various aspects of the UK energy regulatory scheme. Recently, he has advised extensively in relation to the offshore wind regime. He has also advised clients in relation to matters such as smart metering, regulated governance issues, renewables incentives and the connections scheme. 

Cases

Grid view
List view
Shortlist

Telecommunications

Tom has been involved in a range of telecommunications cases, advising and representing MNOs and other entities in the sector on regulatory and other matters. In 2022, he will appear in a regulatory appeal brought by CityFibre Ltd against a decision by Ofcom relating to Openreach's SMP conditions, and a private law competition and Communications Act 2003 claim brought by eircom against BT. He is also currently representing a telecommunications company in a Chapter I infringement investigation brought by Ofcom, which is likely to proceed to the Competition Appeal Tribunal. Recently, he represented Ofcom in the Competition Appeal Tribunal in consumer protection enforcement proceedings and in the High Court and Court of Appeal in relation to the auction of the 2.3 and 3.4 GHz spectrum. 

Cases

Grid view
List view
Shortlist

Sport

Tom has gained a wide experience of sports cases before a variety of tribunals. He has been involved in disputes between sports clubs and owners, before sports disciplinary panels, and between clubs or individuals and regulators. He recently appeared in the Court of Arbitration for Sport for the International Association of Athletics Federations in a disciplinary case concerning the corruption of officials of a member federation. Tom has particular experience of advising sports governing bodies on competition law issues (for example regarding match allocations and broadcasting rights).

Cases

Grid view
List view
Shortlist

Civil Liberties & Human Rights

As part of his public law practice, Tom regularly appears in cases raising human rights issues in the Administrative Court and Court of Appeal. He recently appeared in High Court proceedings concerning the scope of concept of "possessions" for the purposes of A1P1 and regulatory proceedings concerning the right to a fair trial in the context of complaints of sexual harassment. He has been instructed by clients in relation to applications to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. He has also advised central government on the proper implementation of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights.

Cases

Grid view
List view
Shortlist

Media & Entertainment

Tom has been instructed in a range of cases in the field of media, entertainment and technology and has appeared in IPEC and Chancery Divison proceedings. His experience includes commercial disputes concerning licensing agreements, agency, and copyright, as well as regulatory matters. 

Cases

Grid view
List view

Achievements

Education

Classics (BA Hons, Oxon): First Class (fifth in year); Graduate Diploma in Law (City): Distinction; BPTC (Kaplan): Outstanding.

Prizes & Scholarships

  • Prince of Wales Scholarship (Gray’s Inn)
  • The Times Law Prize (Second Place) (The Times/One Essex Court)
  • David Karmel Award (Gray’s Inn)
  • Henry Wilde Prize (for the top mark in philosophy papers in Finals across all Honours Schools including philosophy) (University of Oxford)
  • Invitation to sit the All Souls Prize Fellowship Exams (University of Oxford)
  • Comparative Philology Prize (University of Oxford)
  • Scholar of New College (University of Oxford)


Prior to joining Chambers, Tom worked in the office of capital defence attorney in Houston, Texas, assisting clients facing the death penalty. While in Texas, Tom observed and participated in a full capital murder trial, in which his client escaped the death penalty. 

Before coming to the Bar, Tom worked as a Classics teacher of students aged thirteen to eighteen at Westminster School.

News

VAT registration number: 195286467

Barristers regulated by the Bar Standards Board

+44 (0)207 5831770

Clerks

Staff